Several laws have been enacted to address the concerns of Muslim women in India dealing primarily with issues like marriage, divorce, maintenance and inheritance. But at the community or societal level, these laws do not help them much in seeking justice. The laws that are framed exclusively for Muslim women fail to protect their rights and prove ineffective in helping them enjoy the status as guaranteed to them in the Quran. In the absence of a codified personal law, Muslim women in India are still subjected to gender injustice and inequalities.
The Shariat Application Act, 1937
In 1937, Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act was passed when India was still a British colony. Its main objective was to govern the Muslim community by a unified shariat law and not by the prevailing customary laws that have displaced the rules of the shariat law.