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Physics

A community for the scientific researchers, enthusiasts, explorers and thinkers

Ritesh Aggarwal , Oct, 19 2016

Do Most Indian Scientists and Leaders Lack Scientific Temper and the Spirit of Enquiry?


India has not produced any Nobel Prize winner in science in the last 85 years — largely because of the lack of a scientific environment in the country Jawaharlal Nehru coined the term ‘scientific temper’ in his book The Discovery of India, which was published in 1946. He was also the President of the Association of Scientific Workers of India (ASWI), which was registered as a Trade Union, and with which I was closely associated with in the 1940s and the early 1950s. (This may be the only example of a Prime Minister of a democracy being the President of a Trade Union.) One of the objectives of ASWI was to propagate scientific temper. It was very active in the beginning, but fizzled out by the 1960s as the bulk of scientists in the country, including many who were occupying high positions, were themselves not committed to scientific temper which calls for rationality, reason and lack of belief in any dogma, superstition or manifest falsehood.
India has not produced any Nobel Prize winner in science in the last 85 years — largely because of the lack of a scientific environment in the country Jawaharlal Nehru coined the term ‘scientific temper’ in his book The Discovery of India, which was published in 1946. He was also the President of the Association of Scientific Workers of India (ASWI), which was registered as a Trade Union, and with which I was closely associated with in the 1940s and the early 1950s. (This may be the only example of a Prime Minister of a democracy being the President of a Trade Union.) One of the objectives of ASWI was to propagate scientific temper. It was very active in the beginning, but fizzled out by the 1960s as the bulk of scientists in the country, including many who were occupying high positions, were themselves not committed to scientific temper which calls for rationality, reason and lack of belief in any dogma, superstition or manifest falsehood.

Sumit Pandey , Jul, 14 2016


One can not deny from the precious role of reason and rational behaviour , which is very much important for developing scientific temper.I agree that Indian society some where lacks scientific temper and the root of which lies in our past when Indian philosophers because of there overemphasis on spiritual and transcendental world invites the criticism of dogmatism in Indian philosophy but it was charvak who saved the Indian philosophy from dogmatism. There are many problems that are prevailing in our society like castiesm, naxalism, lack of technology, and growing intolerance .have we ever thought what is the core behind all these evils ,? Its none other than prejudice that means getting judgemental without applying reason and rational thinking..developing a scientific temper is one of our fundamental duty and its obedience requires collective responsibility on the. Sides of citizen and gov...through several crucial initiatives like childhood should be the initial target to shape the younger minds so primary education must be taken care of. Empty stomachs cannot think of reason and rationality. So proper implementation of midday meal programs with inculcation of nutritious diet in menu without any intervention of political executives.
One can not deny from the precious role of reason and rational behaviour , which is very much important for developing scientific temper.I agree that Indian society some where lacks scientific temper and the root of which lies in our past when Indian philosophers because of there overemphasis on spi


Akhilesh Agarwal , Jul, 14 2016


Scientific temper is not about being a scientist and developing missiles or being a researcher and doing experiments, it is a quality to be rational about everything we do, we see, hear or say. It is about the curiosity to know how things actually work and to enquire beyond what is seen. Even a child or an old lady can possess scientific temper by their way at looking at the things. The scientific temper is about the acceptance of change that is theory of evolution.I would say that as a whole we are lacking behind in terms of reason and rationality. The education system that has been unable to develop the modern outlook among children and proved just crammed knowledge. The poverty and mental stress arising out of it leading to fears and consequently to superstitions. The lack of infrastructure development and facilities because of that people develop tendencies towards alternative means. The media that has been turning a myth teller nowadays for increasing their TRPs . Also the movies and shows are not scientific in india and always shows the narrow mentality characters that influences the spectators more and more. The lack of determination of government towards the same thus leading the nation towards old age. We generally boast about how were we thousands of years ago rather than how we will 50 years later. As it is known that english didnt want the Indians to know much about science, reason and knowledge as that could have proved a catastrophe to their rule, the same is happening in India today. We donot need politicians, we need leaders with foresights. And also the scientific temper can be developed by making minor changes in our daily routine and freeing our mind from wasteful thoughts and thinking only in innovative and convincing way.
Scientific temper is not about being a scientist and developing missiles or being a researcher and doing experiments, it is a quality to be rational about everything we do, we see, hear or say. It is about the curiosity to know how things actually work and to enquire beyond what is seen. Even a chil


Ananyaa Sehgal , Jul, 14 2016


Indians are neither dumb nor Americans and Westerners are super intelligent.Indians do have a pride history of scientific achievements.This is a land of charak and shushrut ,discoveries by Aryabhatta and Ramanujan and these were not the people coming from any special race.They were the very common people from the very simple society of India;so why the same Indian society is becoming so unscientific.The reason is the long colonial rule(centuries) which created a kind of deep ignorance and misunderstanding about the religious faith among Indians.The need of the time is to guide the people about the real teaching of our faith and shedding out the myths and typical customs which dont have any scientific basis.
Indians are neither dumb nor Americans and Westerners are super intelligent.Indians do have a pride history of scientific achievements.This is a land of charak and shushrut ,discoveries by Aryabhatta and Ramanujan and these were not the people coming from any special race.They were the very common p


Sukirti Singh , Jul, 14 2016


There is a tendency in the society to look back at mythology or unproved history and feel proud about "scientific inventions achieved back then". This kind of attitude brings in a wrong sense of pride and simultaneously inculcates a closed mindset that we were self sufficient much before, but were wronged by the westerns. This is one of the reasons why majority Indians lack in scientific temper they see it essentially as something either western or as something stolen from Indians. Eg - recent claims in science congress that transplant was carried on in India since ancient times as in Lord Ganesha! The point is, education system of India needs a serious over haul. There should be positive standardisation. Science should be made fun and taught via science fares, workshops, group activities etc. At college level there should be frequent exchange programmes with institutions like MIT. India has plenty of scientific temper, but our society need to mature as a whole. We need to out grow our misguided sense of nationalism, and show national pride not by boasting past achievements but by giving our country something new and innovative to boast about.
There is a tendency in the society to look back at mythology or unproved history and feel proud about "scientific inventions achieved back then". This kind of attitude brings in a wrong sense of pride and simultaneously inculcates a closed mindset that we were self sufficient much before, but were w


Zoya Khan , Jul, 14 2016


Scientific temper is a way of life which uses a scientific method, for observing physical reality, it includes testing, hypothesising, analysing the data available in order to reach logical conclusions instead of merely believing in here say. Having said this much, the two questions we have in front of us is : Do we Indians have a scientific temper? and When compared with the west, do we have a dearth of scientific temper in our daily lives? We do not lack scientific temper per se. the intellectual prowess of our ancestors prove that we have it in our genes. however, centuries of blind ritualistic practices have layered up on top of our ability to think and act logically. the todays Indian has become a monotonous rote learner who chooses to spend his life following set notions, barring for a few choice moments when he becomes the logical one. But then, is it just for us to say that an average Indian has less scientific temper when compared to an average American? I believe, that would be stretching the truth a bit far. a normal westerner may not share the same superstitions that we Indians do, but they do have their own set of superstitious beliefs that they would never cross. Why do we fall behind when it comes to scientific achievement, technology, innovation? I believe, its the result of long years of having our free thinking minds forced into muted submission. our education system, our society itself discourages a child who questions set notions and advices that child to conform to rote learning in order to get cent percent marks in exams finally becoming part of the incessant meaningless rat race. an adult who is the result of this system cannot help but be a mediocre person whose scientific temper is long lost.
Scientific temper is a way of life which uses a scientific method, for observing physical reality, it includes testing, hypothesising, analysing the data available in order to reach logical conclusions instead of merely believing in here say. Having said this much, the two questions we have in front


Vikram Sethi , Jul, 14 2016


Rationalism and scientific approach is a daily phenomenon in our lives with much be observed. We take rational decisions with regards to our education, jobs and other day to day things with some scientific approach. The issue arises when it comes to our beliefs. The question arises when we have to make a call between an experimentally proven statement and a statement which we believe to be true and want it to be true like in case of religion. Most of the modern western society is the believer of the science and has trust in cause and effect relations. while India is producing doctors , engineers and scientists at an ever increasing rate , we fail to reason and find rational arguments about our beliefs. And if some one questions the rationality of our belief, instead of giving a concrete answer we try to throw them out of the society or even kill them as in case of MM Kalburgi. This also implies our lack of knowledge about our own religion which asks us to reason and question the very existence of humans and the things around it. So instead of following blindly we could open up our eyes and try to reason the texts we follow so vehemently and dedicate a bigger portion of our lives to. Scientific temper as implied by the constitution is not only a ball game of scientists. They are humans like us which reason in some material aspect of a particular thing that exists and fail to turn there attention to the very nature of themselves. Spirituality which we seek demands authenticity and it demands logic. A blindfolded approach will make us bump into something unexpected.
Rationalism and scientific approach is a daily phenomenon in our lives with much be observed. We take rational decisions with regards to our education, jobs and other day to day things with some scientific approach. The issue arises when it comes to our beliefs. The question arises when we have to m


Rohit pande , Have a view on many things but happy to thras Jul, 15 2016


But most indian toddlers would have it, the education system systematically kills it.