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Community to discuss Tibet issue in detail. Bringing out the problems faced and seeking solutions and support.
Is the Tibetan culture more closely associated to India or to China? Or does it have its own unique identity entirely? As per what I've read, everything indicates a stronger Indian influence than Chinese.
China. Because Tibet Buddhism came from China.
The founder of the Tibetan Empire, Songtsen Gampo (618-649) married a Chinese Tang Dynasty Buddhist princess, Wencheng, who came to Tibet with a statue of Shakyamuni Buddha. (The beginning of Buddhism in Tibet). Traditional accounts say that, during the reign of Songtsen Gampo, examples of handicrafts and astrological systems were imported from China and the Western Xia; the dharma and the art of writing came from India; material wealth and treasures from the Nepalis and the lands of the Mongols, while model laws and administration were imported from the Uyghurs of the Turkic Khaganate to the North.
On comparison, definitely India more than China. Something as evident as language and writing can show us the similarities. If we look at the consonants of Tibetan: it has ka, kha, ga. This is the manner (mostly) Indian languages arrange their consonants. The system where consonants are written and vowels marks added (matras) is technically called abugida, and is also used in all Indian languages . Look at the famous Sanskrit chanting Om Mani Padme Hum in both the languages and observe the similarity of their Brahmi scripts.
Like many Indian languages, first Tibetan grammars were in Sanskrit and the language was used extensively in texts. A typical Buddhist manuscript has Sanskrit text on top and Tibetan below. One of the Panchen Lamas is said to have recited the complete “Perfection of Wisdom Sutra in Eight Thousand Lines” (Prajnaparamita) in Sanskrit from memory. It must be said that though Sanskrit influenced Tibetan, Tibetan language doesn’t use full Sanskrit phrases in the way Javanese or Thai languages do.